The Society of Professional Journalists’ decision to give its prestigious "First Amendment Award" to embattled New York Times reporter Judith Miller was a blow to freedom of expression. By rewarding a reporter who was apparently collaborating with a powerful government official in an effort to punish the free speech of a government critic, the SPJ was undermining, not advancing, the principles of the First Amendment.
The award, coming two days after details of Miller’s involvement in the CIA leak story and her grand jury testimony were revealed by the New York Times (10/16/05), was defended by SPJ board member Mac McKerral, who told Editor & Publisher (10/17/05):
But why wouldn't new information about the case be relevant to a journalism group? For months, Miller claimed a journalistic privilege to protect a source who turned out to be Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, Lewis Libby. Miller would eventually tell the grand jury that Libby had identified Valerie Plame Wilson--the wife of White House critic and former Ambassador Joseph Wilson--as a CIA employee (New York Times, 10/16/05). Miller seemed to have little doubt about what motivated this disclosure: Asked why she agreed to Libby's request to identify him only as a “former Hill staffer,” Miller told the grand jury, “I assumed Mr. Libby did not want the White House to be seen as attacking Mr. Wilson.”
In other words, Miller understood that Libby was not a whistleblower but was someone out to punish a government critic. Not only was it unethical for her to agree to identify Libby in a misleading way, but promising him any kind of anonymity in this case violated the Times' rules against allowing unnamed sources to make partisan attacks.
SPJ deemed Miller worthy of an award because it viewed her as unwavering on the principle of not revealing a confidential source. But Miller's refusal to testify doesn't, in the end, seem as principled as either she or her paper originally claimed. Instead, the Times' October 16 report suggested that Miller was seeking a suitable waiver from Libby all along, and eventually based her decision not to testify in part on the feeling that she would harm Libby if she testified:
The form that "signaling" took, according to Miller, was Libby's explaining that he had testified about their conversations in ways that Miller believed were false. In other words, she refused to testify because she feared she would expose her friend as a perjurer. Is this really a journalist that SPJ wants to hold up as an example to others?
There is much that is inexplicable and contradictory in Miller's account of her behavior. (See FAIR Media Advisory, 10/21/05.) But even taking her story at face value, she is a reporter who violated the standards of professional journalism in order to help a top White House official get revenge on a government critic--and then declined to testify to protect that official from the criminal consequences of his lies. This context has an obvious bearing on Miller’s qualifications for an award celebrating freedom of expression.