Jul
01
1993

Business as Usual After L.A. Verdict

Los Angeles

The “Rodney King riots” in Los Angeles last year prompted some journalists to think critically about their failure to fully cover the urban problems that lay behind the unrest. At the time, MacNeil/Lehrer’s David Gergen (5/1/92) admitted that there “has really been almost a conspiracy of silence within our political leadership and often with our press about what’s really happening in this country.” Gergen, a former aide to Ronald Reagan and now a Clinton adviser, spoke of “the division into two societies, the division by race, by haves versus have nots.” But after the second trial of the police officers […]

Jul
01
1993

Pseudo-Science at CBS

Bibilical specials trade credibility for ratings

The Incredible Discovery of Noah's Ark

The use of prime-time TV to sell the public a bill of goods hit a new low a little over a year ago, when, on May 15, 1992, CBS aired a two-hour primetime special called Ancient Secrets of the Bible. Produced by David W. Balsiger, the program claimed to present “startling and surprising evidence” to validate biblical stories viewed by many as myths. Ancient Secrets of the Bible reportedly did well in the ratings, and CBS has since aired two more Balsiger pieces, The Incredible Discovery of Noah’s Ark (2/20/93) and Ancient Secrets of the Bible II (5/15/93). Each program […]

Jul
01
1993

Bosnia Update: The Great Debate?

The aftermath of the war in Sarajevo's Grbavica, a Serb-held neighborhood. (photo: Stacey Wyzkowski/DoD)

Between April 1 and May 29, 1993, at least 40 op-ed pieces in the New York Times dealt with Bosnia and the possibility of U.S. military intervention. Most of the regular columnists were in favor: Anthony Lewis, William Safire, Leslie Geib, Anna Quindlen. A.M. Rosenthal dissented, and guest columnists were split: Sen. Dennis DeConcini (D-Ariz.), for example, wrote “Bomb the Serbs, Now” (5/18/93); Rep. Lee Hamilton (D-Ind.) came out with “Air Strikes? Not Yet” (4/24/93). The nature of the debate was reflected in the Time (5/17/93) and Newsweek (5/10/93) cover stories. Both magazines portrayed the issue as a political or […]

Jul
01
1993

Separate but Equal for the Disabled

Media Buy a Tale of Two Toilets

From the outset, press coverage of New York City’s efforts to provide self-cleaning toilets on the streets has had a single spin: Disabled ideologues are ruining this good project for the rest of us. “The issue most likely to doom the plan is access for the handicapped,” wrote New York Times Metro reporter Celia W. Dugger in one of the earliest articles, headlined “New York: A City of Few Toilets and Many Rules” (5/21/91). Two years later (5/3/93), New York magazine repeated the charge in almost the same terms: “How a battle over handicapped rights is keeping these spotless wonders […]

Jul
01
1993

Alternative Media: Going Beyond Police Sources to Uncover Police Abuse

Hayward BART station (cc photo: Mospeada/Wikimedia)

For most mainstream papers, police reporting means relying mainly on police sources—a practice that contributes to the undercoverage of police brutality. The impact that an independent reporter can have by listening to unofficial sources points out the importance of alternative media —and the influence such outlets can have on the mainstream. On Nov. 15, 1992, 19-year-old Jerrold Hall was exiting a Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station in Hayward, Calif., when he and a friend were stopped by Fred Crabtree, a BART police officer, on suspicion of stealing a $60 Walkman from another passenger. At the end of the confrontation, […]

Jul
01
1993

South Africa: Hani Killing Swells Black Anger, but Press Sees White Fears

White people kill black people--no big news. Black people threaten white people (or their property)--very big news indeed.

Chris Hani (SABC)

The assassination in April of African National Congress leader Chris Hani illustrated this truism yet again. While South African blacks reacted with rage and anguish to the killing of a popular and eloquent leader, U.S. media were more likely to respond: What will this mean for us white folks? For the murder of a major political figure—Hani was the top vote-getter on the ANC's executive council, and widely considered a possible successor to Nelson Mandela—coverage was remark­ably fixated on the effect it would have on political negotiations between the ANC and the white government. "Death of Popular Figure Raises Fear […]

Jul
01
1993

The New York Times and Environmental Cleanup

Green is the color of money

There's good news and bad news, America. The good news is that toxics in the environment are much less dangerous than once thought; the bad news is the government's exorbitant over-regulation of chemicals. The solution? Wait patiently for more definitive data and then apply strict cost/benefit analysis. That's the growing consensus among a new "third wave" of environmental philosophy--according to the New York Times. The Times' 239-paragraph, five-part series "What Price Cleanup?" appeared the week of March 21, timed for the eve of renewal of major environmental initiatives including the "Superfund" toxic clean-up program. Prominently placed (three of the articles […]

Jul
01
1993

Lani Guinier: 'Quota Queen' or Misquoted Queen?

In the media smear campaign against Lani Guinier, Clinton's nominee as assistant attorney general for civil rights, her views were not only distorted, but in many cases presented as the exact opposite of her actual beliefs. One of the most prominent themes of the attack on Guinier was her supposed support for electoral districts shaped to ensure a black majority - a process known as "race-conscious districting." An entire op-ed in the New York Times -- which appeared on the day her nomination was withdrawn (6/3/93) -- was based on the premise that Guinier was in favor of "segregating black […]