Sep
01
1992

Not Much To Learn From Television News

Publisher's Note

There's an old grade-school joke that about homework that went something like this: The more you study, the more you know. The more you know, the more you forget. The more you forget, the less you know. So why study? Substitute "watch TV news" for study, and it still sounds like a joke, but it's not: The more you watch, the less you know. That about sums up the findings of a survey of pre-election knowledge in the U.S. of various domestic and foreign policy issues. Conducted by Justin Lewis and a team of researchers at the University of Massachusetts […]

Sep
01
1992

Developers Have a Friend at Newsday

Newsday's reputation as a promoter of de­velopment on Long Island, N.Y., is be­ing reinforced by publisher Robert M. Johnson—to the discomfort of many of the daily's reporters and other Long Island media. Johnson was the principal speaker at an April 7 meeting of top Long Island developers, leaders of business groups and construction unions, who were strategizing on how to over­come a court decision halting construction in the pine bar­rens of eastern Long Island. The environmentally sensitive barrens are considered crucial in protecting the island's under­ground water supply. Johnson, according to a source at the meeting at the Huntington Hilton, […]

Sep
01
1992

The Great Abortion 'Compromise'

If there is one image that has come to epitomize the abortion debate, it is pro-choice and anti-abortion demonstra­tors shouting at each other, brandishing placards. Main­stream media specializes in "extremists of both ends" cov­erage, bemoaning the "angry rhetoric" of both sides. The search for "compro­mise" has long been a staple of abortion reporting, and in recent months, with the Sup­reme Court's decision on the fate of Roe v. Wade imminent, the media seemed to have stepped up their efforts. In February and March, several outlets ran positive profiles of the "common-ground move­ment," founded in St. Louis to promote dialogue between […]

Sep
01
1992

America's Most Wanted Takes Credit for a Killing

Nowadays one can be portrayed as a wanton murderer on a nationally televised program, get killed by police less than 48 hours later, and have the nation invited by television to applaud the death within the week. That fate befell Cesar Mazariego-Molina, 26, an undocumented worker from El Salvador, who L.A. County sheriff's deputies said killed rookie Sheriff's Deputy Nelson Yamamoto in a gun battle. Less than two days after the case was featured on the TV program America's Most Wanted, New York State police killed him with a shotgun blast to the back of the head. Mazariego-Molina's family contends […]

Sep
01
1992

Conventional Wisdom

How the Press Rewrites Democratic Party History Every Four Years

Coverage of the 1992 Democratic National Convention often drew sharp contrasts with earlier Democratic conventions--particularly 1984 and 1988. A look back at the coverage of those conventions, however, shows that they were covered in almost exactly the same terms. Like 1992, both '84 and '88 were treated as landmarks, a new start for a party whose old ways had led to defeat. The New York Times (7/22/84) reported it was "with justification" that Mondale aides called the '84 convention "the most successful since 1964." According to a Chicago Tribune editorial (7/24/88), "The Democratic Party of 1988 is more unified, more […]

Sep
01
1992

Women Candidates in '92 Election Coverage

The year 1988, the press reported, would be a breakthrough year for women in politics. But in the end, only two additional women were elected to the House of Representatives, none to the Senate. In 1990, we were again told we were seeing the "Year of the Woman." But although 70 women won major party nominations that year, the numbers in Congress did not change. This time, the experts say, they're serious: 1992 is really and truly the "Year of the Woman" in American politics. The repeated recourse to the "Year of the Woman" tag is some indication of the […]

Sep
01
1992

Clinton's Willie Horton?

Bill Clinton's remarks about rapper Sister Souljah were part of a clear, if some what peculiar, political strategy: identify those voting blocs most likely to support you, and alienate them. This strategy was outlined in a David Broder/Thomas Edsall Washington Post piece (6/12/92) just before the Rainbow Coalition conference: “Some top advisers to Clinton argue that...he must become involved in highly publicized confrontations with one or more Democratic constituencies.” According to the Post, key aides wanted Clinton to “confront [Jackson] and his followers." Regardless of what one thinks of Sister Souljah, Clinton's focus on her was clearly one of those […]

Sep
01
1992

Hunger in Africa -- A Story Still Untold

Question: When does a drought that threatens millions of human lives become news that fits the front page of the New York Times? Answer: When animals die. That's the rule New York Times editors apparently followed in the week of July 5-12, 1992, when they published five substantial stories in eight days on countries ravaged by drought and hunger in east and southern Africa. Times editors seem determined to re-prove the point Extra! made a year ago (cover story, 7-8/91): that the U.S. press gives "more attention to thelives of animals -- featuring safari stories on elephants, rhinos and other […]